Conditions Christie Clinic Vein & Vascular Center provides the highest quality clinical care for our patients. Our team excels in innovative solutions to challenging vascular problems including medical or surgical management, aneurysms, or aortic dissections. Below is a list of conditions our care team specializes in treating. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) occurs when the wall of the aorta progressively weakens and begins to bulge. The aorta, the largest artery in your body, runs from your heart, down through your chest and into your abdomen. Your arteries deliver oxygen-rich blood from your heart to other parts of your body. Most people don’t experience symptoms and an AAA is often detected when tests are conducted for other unrelated reasons. Aortoiliac Occlusive Disease Aortoiliac Occlusive Disease is the blockage of the aorta, the main blood vessel in your body or the iliac arteries. This blockage is typically caused by a buildup of plaque within the walls of your blood vessels. Symptoms may include fatigue, pain or cramping when walking, pain or numbness in your legs, feet or toes. Hardening of the arteries may be caused by smoking, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, genetic predisposition or obesity. Carotid Artery Disease Carotid Artery Disease results when the carotid arteries (two main arteries that carry blood from your heart, up through your neck, to your brain) become narrow or obstructed and provide a risk of plaque traveling to the brain and causing a stroke. There may be no symptoms in the early stages of Carotid Artery Disease, and stroke could be the first sign of the condition. Stroke, however, typically has warning signs, referred to as mini-strokes or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). Symptoms of stroke or TIA may include slurred speech, difficulty talking or comprehending, loss or blurred vision, inability to control movement or weakness, numbness or tingling on one side of the body. Deep Vein Thrombosis Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) occurs when your blood thickens in a clump that becomes solid, forming a clot. It can occur without any warning signs, but swelling, pain, redness or warmth along the vein that has the clot. DVT forms when the blood flow becomes very slow. Diabetic Vascular Disease Diabetes causes vascular disease if there is too much glucose (a form of sugar and a major source of energy) in the blood. Diabetes is a disease that affects the body’s ability to absorb glucose. There are two types of diabetes and both can result in high levels of glucose in the blood stream. This excess glucose damages the blood vessels. Atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, is a known side-effect of long-term diabetes. Diabetics who have blockages in their heart, brain, or leg arteries are at high risk for heart attacks, strokes, and amputations. Gastrointestinal Bleeding Gastrointestinal Bleeding can occur in your digestive tract and can have a number of causes. Depending on the location of the bleed, symptoms can include vomiting blood, black stool, rectal bleeding, lightheadedness, chest or abdominal pain, difficulty breathing or fainting. Lymphedema Lymphedema is an accumulation of lymph fluid in the soft tissues, most frequently in the arms or legs. Symptoms can include swelling, reduced mobility, and heaviness in the affected limb or body part, along with tightness and itching. In advanced stages of Lymphedema, infections and hardening or thickening of the skin can occur. Mesenteric Ischemia Mesenteric Ischemia is poor circulation in the vessels supplying blood flow to your stomach, liver, colon and intestine. With poor circulation, blockages can form and compromise the function of these organs. Mesenteric Ischemia can come on suddenly or build slowly and become an ongoing health issue. Symptoms can vary, ranging from severe stomach pain, nausea, vomiting and weight loss. Pelvic Congestion Syndrome Pelvic Congestion Syndrome is a condition that causes chronic pelvic pain. It occurs when varicose veins develop around the ovaries, similar to varicose veins that occur in the legs. The most common symptom is pelvic pain. Peripheral Aneurysm Peripheral Aneurysms occur when there’s a weakening in the wall of a blood vessel in your abdomen. They rarely occur and usually are genetic. These aneurysms typically occur without symptoms and are identified during other testing. Some symptoms may include, abdominal pain, fainting, weakness, swelling, or numbness in the leg or painful, discolored toes. Peripheral Arterial Disease Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) a chronic disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries to the legs. Symptoms may include fatigue or cramping of muscles while walking, pain in feet when resting or an open wound on your toes or feet Pulmonary Embolism Pulmonary Embolism is a blockage in one of the pulmonary arteries in your lungs. Usually due to a blood clot that develops in another part of your body and travels to the lungs, where it blocked the pumping of your heart and prevents it from taking oxygen. Pulmonary Embolism is a medical emergency. Renovascular Arterial Disease Renovascular Arterial Disease occurs when your kidneys do not receive enough blood due to blocked renal arteries. The renal arteries originate in your heart and carry blood to your kidneys. High blood pressure and/or kidney failure can result from these diseases. Testicular Varicoceles Testicular Varicoceles are enlarged veins within the scrotum, similar to varicose veins that occur in the legs. Varicoceles often produces no signs or symptoms, but might cause pain, lower sperm production and decrease sperm quality. Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm is an expansion or ballooning, of a section of the aorta within your chest that slowly degenerates. Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms tend to develop and expand slowly over time. In most cases, these aneurysms rarely cause any symptoms and are discovered when you are tested for other reasons. Some symptoms like hoarseness or difficulty swallowing may occur. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Thoracic Outlet Syndrome is a group of conditions that result from compression of the nerves or blood vessels. It can be caused from an injury to the artery or compression of the vein. Symptoms include pain in the shoulders or neck and numbness, weakness, and coldness in the fingers. Upper Extremity Arterial Disease Upper Extremity Vascular Disease may be a symptom of Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD), which is caused by atherosclerosis. Symptoms can include tightness, heaviness, cramping, discomfort, pain or weakness in one or both your arms. Uterine Fibroids Uterine Fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that often appear during childbearing years. Many women who have fibroids don't experience symptoms. They can vary in size, number and location. Those that do experience symptoms may have heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pressure or pain, constipation or backache or leg pains. Varicose Veins Varicose Veins are large, bulging veins in the legs or feet. Symptoms may be absent, but pain, itching, swelling burning, skin discoloration, or leg heaviness or tiredness may occur. Venous Insufficiency Venous Insufficiency is when the veins are having trouble sending blood from your limbs back to the heart. It is caused when vein valves become incompetent, especially when standing. Symptoms include heaviness, swelling and pain, as well as skin color changes.